演題抄録

UICC-Japan/JSCO-Joint International Symposium on Global Cancer Control

開催概要
開催回
第54回・2016年・横浜
 

Global cancer control issues - Challenges and opportunities

演題番号 : UICC2-1

[筆頭演者]
Gospodarowicz Mary K.:1 

1:Immediate-past President of UICC (Union for International Cancer Control)/Department of Radiation Oncology, Princess Margaret Cancer Centre, University of Toronto, Canada

 

Cancer presents an ever growing health problem in the world. Previously seen as a problem of the developed world, now two thirds of all cancer deaths occur in low and middle income countries (LMIC). Over 15 million new cancer cases are expected globally in 2016. Cancer requires a coordinated well planned effort that optimizes prevention, early detection, treatment, supportive care, and survivorship programs. Many developing countries are ill prepared to address the needs of cancer patients. The current focus on global health and specifically on non-communicable diseases (NCDs) offers new opportunity to reduce the burden of cancer in the world.
Cancer is a complex group of diseases. We are fortunate to know a lot about their etiology, prevention, treatment, and palliation. Comprehensive cancer registration tracks the incidence and mortality worldwide. It is currently estimated that a third of all cancers can be prevented and a significant proportion of cancers can be cured or treated effectively. The most important method of cancer prevention is tobacco control. Tobacco related cancers account for 22% of all cancer deaths. Approximately 25-30% of cancers are infection related and effective vaccines against HBV and HPV infections are expected to reduce the burden of many cancers. Effective treatment results in more than 50% of cancer patients surviving long term.
However, huge gaps in access to prevention, diagnosis, treatment, and palliative care have been documented in the literature. These equity gaps prevent most cancer patients from benefiting from the current knowledge. International partnerships, development assistance and increased research efforts are needed to accelerate progress in global cancer control.

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